Undoubtedly, the definition is the starting point of the discussion of any topic but here in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) topic, the starting point is not that easy to be gathered in only one definition.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a massive and complicated topic that rises many questions and debates. Therefore, there is no single definition of the topic which is universally accepted.
As a result, we will provide a wide range of the top definitions of this topic written by well-known scientists, let’s have a look:
Artificial intelligence (AI) is:
- “… a constellation of technologies that extend human capabilities by sensing, comprehending, acting and learning – allowing people to do much more” (Accenture‘s definition).
- “… the science of making machines smart” (Demis Hassabis, CEO and founder of DeepMind, now part of Google).
- “… is the next, logical step in computing: a program that can figure out things for itself. It’s a program that can reprogram itself” (Jim Sterne, author of Artificial Intelligence for Marketing).
- “… anything a machine does to respond to its environment to maximize its chances of success” (Steven Struhl, author of Artificial Intelligence Marketing and Predicting Consumer Choice).
- “… a field of computer science that focuses on creating machines that can learn, recognize, predict, plan, and recommend — plus understand and respond to images and language” (Salesforce‘s definition).
- “… technology that thinks and acts like humans” (popular business use of the term as reported in a 2015 Narrative Science survey).
- “… a subfield of computer science aimed at the development of computers capable of doing things that are normally done by people — in particular, things associated with people acting intelligently” (Definition in Practical A.I. for Dummies).
Obviously, the above definitions have given us a clearer vision about the topic. Although they vary in terminologies but they share the same content and points.
Thus, we could summarize artificial intelligence in the below points:
- Acting as the computer is not only processing the information but also taking an action with it.
- Artificial Intelligence can re-program itself, based on what it receives.
- Artificial Intelligence is an umbrella term referring to technology that behaves intelligently.